ERIC Number: EJ1119166
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Locus of Word Frequency Effects in Spelling to Dictation: Still at the Orthographic Level!
Bonin, Patrick; Laroche, Betty; Perret, Cyril
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n11 p1814-1820 Nov 2016
The present study was aimed at testing the locus of word frequency effects in spelling to dictation: Are they located at the level of spoken word recognition (Chua & Rickard Liow, 2014) or at the level of the orthographic output lexicon (Delattre, Bonin, & Barry, 2006)? Words that varied on objective word frequency and on phonological neighborhood density were orally presented to adults who had to write them down. Following the additive factors logic (Sternberg, 1969, 2001), if word frequency in spelling to dictation influences a processing level, that is, the orthographic output level, different from that influenced by phonological neighborhood density, that is, spoken word recognition, the impact of the 2 factors should be additive. In contrast, their influence should be overadditive if they act at the same processing level in spelling to dictation, namely the spoken word recognition level. We found that both factors had a reliable influence on the spelling latencies but did not interact. This finding is in line with an orthographic output locus hypothesis of word frequency effects in spelling to dictation.
Descriptors: Word Frequency, Spelling, Verbal Communication, Orthographic Symbols, Word Recognition, Phonology, Adults, Hypothesis Testing, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, French, Error Patterns, Statistical Analysis, Reaction Time, Input Output Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A