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ERIC Number: EJ1118114
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
Extracting Spurious Latent Classes in Growth Mixture Modeling with Nonnormal Errors
Guerra-Peña, Kiero; Steinley, Douglas
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v76 n6 p933-953 Dec 2016
Growth mixture modeling is generally used for two purposes: (1) to identify mixtures of normal subgroups and (2) to approximate oddly shaped distributions by a mixture of normal components. Often in applied research this methodology is applied to both of these situations indistinctly: using the same fit statistics and likelihood ratio tests. This can lead to the overextraction of latent classes and the attribution of substantive meaning to these spurious classes. The goals of this study are (1) to explore the performance of the Bayesian information criterion, sample-adjusted BIC, and bootstrap likelihood ratio test in growth mixture modeling analysis with nonnormal distributed outcome variables and (2) to examine the effects of nonnormal time invariant covariates in the estimation of the number of latent classes when outcome variables are normally distributed. For both of these goals, we will include nonnormal conditions not considered previously in the literature. Two simulation studies were conducted. Results show that spurious classes may be selected and optimal solutions obtained in the data analysis when the population departs from normality even when the nonnormality is only present in time invariant covariates.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A