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ERIC Number: EJ1117496
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Using Self-Explanations in the Laboratory to Connect Theory and Practice: The Decision/ Explanation/Observation/Inference Writing Method
Van Duzor, Andrea Gay
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n10 p1725-1730 Oct 2016
While many faculty seek to use student-centered, inquiry-based approaches in teaching laboratories, transitioning from traditional to inquiry instruction can be logistically challenging. This paper outlines use of a laboratory notebook and report writing-to-learn method that emphasizes student self-explanations of procedures and outcomes, specifically the Decision/Explanation/Observation/Inference (DEOI) method. The DEOI method fosters a student-centered learning environment but can be used with traditional experiments. Implementation results in organic chemistry laboratories at a highly selective, private university and a comprehensive, public university indicate the method helps a diversity of students understand laboratory procedures and encourages engagement in the laboratory as the method focuses on student ideas. Details about introducing the writing method to students, use of the method in the laboratory, and grading are included.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A