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ERIC Number: EJ1117206
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0268-1153
What Is Known about School-Based Interventions for Health Promotion and Their Impact in Developing Countries? A Scoping Review of the Literature
Mukamana, O.; Johri, M.
Health Education Research, v31 n5 p587-602 Oct 2016
Schools can play an important role in health promotion mainly by improving students' health literacy, behaviors and academic achievements. School-based health promotion can be particularly valuable in developing countries facing the challenges of low health literacy and high burden of disease. We conducted a scoping review of the published literature focusing on school-based interventions for health promotion and their impact in developing countries. We included 30 studies meeting specific criteria: (i) studies mainly targeted school going children or adolescents; (ii) admissible designs were randomized controlled trials, controlled before-after studies or interrupted time series; (iii) studies included at least one measure of impact and (iv) were primary studies or systematic reviews. We found that school-based interventions can be classified in two main categories: those targeting individual determinants of health such as knowledge, skills and health behaviors and those targeting environmental determinants such as the social and physical environment at the school, family and community level. Findings suggest that a comprehensive approach addressing both individual and environmental determinants can induce long-term behavior change and significantly improve health and educational outcomes. We highlight the need for further study of the long-term impact of school-based interventions on health outcomes in developing countries.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A