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ERIC Number: EJ1117178
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1532-8759
Teachers' Reports of Outreach to School-Based Providers of Mental Health Services Following the 2013 Boston Marathon Attack
Green, Jennifer Greif; Xuan, Ziming; Kwong, Lana; Holt, Melissa K.; Comer, Jonathan S.
Children & Schools, v38 n4 p227-234 Oct 2016
After mass crises, trauma-exposed children report increased psychological distress, yet most receive no mental health (MH) services and supports. This study identifies factors associated with teachers' reports of outreach to school-based MH providers (such as social workers, psychologists, and counselors) as well as provision of informal supports after the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing and suspect manhunt. Boston-area K-12 teachers in 72 schools (N = 147) were surveyed two to five months after the attack. Teachers reported their perceptions of students' attack exposure, observations of classroom-wide psychological distress, availability of school counseling resources, outreach to school-based MH providers (for example, consultation and referral), and provision of informal supports (for example, talking to students one-on-one). Results indicated that teachers' report of outreach to MH providers was associated with increased observations of classroom-wide psychological distress and heightened perceptions of student trauma exposure. In contrast, provision of informal supports to students was not associated with either perceived exposure or distress. Furthermore, teacher knowledge of increased school-wide counseling resources was not associated with teacher-reported outreach to MH providers. Referral trends among teachers following mass crises can provide important information to school social workers who seek to identify students in need of MH services.
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts (Boston)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A