ERIC Number: EJ1117177
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
School-Based Health Promotion Initiative Increases Children's Physical Activity
Cluss, Patricia; Lorigan, Devin; Kinsky, Suzanne; Nikolajski, Cara; McDermott, Anne; Bhat, Kiran B.
American Journal of Health Education, v47 n6 p343-354 2016
Background: Childhood obesity increases health risk, and modest physical activity can impact that risk. Schools have an opportunity to help children become more active. Purpose: This study implemented a program offering extra school-day activity opportunities in a rural school district where 37% of students were obese or overweight in 2005 and evaluated program impact over 10 years. Methods: A longitudinal, one-group repeated measures analysis was completed. Participants were all district elementary students from 2006 through 2015 (average yearly enrollment: 3027). Schools implemented new opportunities for children to engage in structured aerobic activity at school outside of physical education class. A KidMinutes measure combined duration, frequency, and participation to describe activity outcomes during one study month annually. Results: Total KidMinutes increased 293% over 10 years. Average monthly KidMinutes per student per school increased 22.4 minutes per year (P < 0.001). Discussion: A school district successfully increased children's physical activity by focusing on adding aerobic activity opportunities to the school day. KidMinutes is an easy-to-use measure for evaluating school activity programs. Translation to Health Education Practice: Using the described methods and measure, Health Education specialists can plan, implement, and evaluate health promotion efforts to increase physical activity among schoolchildren.
Descriptors: Obesity, Child Health, Health Promotion, Rural Schools, Body Weight, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students, Participation, Program Effectiveness, Measurement Techniques, Intervention, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A