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ERIC Number: EJ1117120
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1539-0578
The Complexity of Second Language Reading: Investigating the L1-L2 Relationship
Brevik, Lisbeth M.; Olsen, Rolf Vegar; Hellekjaer, Glenn Ole
Reading in a Foreign Language, v28 n2 p161-182 Oct 2016
This article contributes to the field of reading assessment in English as a second language (L2). Few reading studies have been carried out at the upper secondary school level, and the present study provides insight into upper secondary school students' L2 reading proficiency. It examines whether such proficiency can be explained by reading proficiency in Norwegian as their first language (L1). The analysis uses data from two national reading tests, comprising a large sample of 16-year-old students (N = 10,331), and it is the first time reading across these languages has been investigated at this level. The results show a significant and meaningful relationship between students' reading proficiency in the two languages. The results also reveal marked reading differences in reading proficiency in the two languages among poor readers.
Reading in a Foreign Language. National Foreign Language Resource Center, 1859 East-West Road #106, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A