ERIC Number: EJ1117026
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effectiveness of ER on Reading Proficiency: A Meta-Analysis
Jeon, Eun-Young; Day, Richard R.
Reading in a Foreign Language, v28 n2 p246-265 Oct 2016
A meta-analysis was performed to investigate the impact of extensive reading (ER) on reading proficiency. This study gathered 71 unique samples from 49 primary studies published from 1980 to 2014 involving a total of 5,919 participants. Effect sizes were generated separately according to two different study designs: experimental-versus-control contrasts and pre-to-post-test contrasts. Small to medium effect was found in both study designs. Moderator analysis showed growing interest in ER in the field over the last 30 years. Also, a higher effect was found in the adults than in the children and adolescents group. English as a foreign language (EFL) settings showed a higher effect than English as a second language (ESL) settings; and web-based stories had a higher effect than paper books. Finally, ER as a part of curriculum showed the highest mean effect among ER types. Suggestions are made on how to implement ER in ESL and EFL settings effectively.
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Fluency, Language Proficiency, Effect Size, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Pretests Posttests, Program Effectiveness, Reading Comprehension, Reading Rate, Bias, Foreign Language Books, Primary Sources, Literature Reviews
Reading in a Foreign Language. National Foreign Language Resource Center, 1859 East-West Road #106, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A