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ERIC Number: EJ1116355
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2332-3205
The Relationship between Parent-Child Interactions and Prosocial Behavior among Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students: Gratitude as a Mediating Variable
Wu, Ho-Tang; Tseng, Shu-Feng; Wu, Pai-Lu; Chen, Chun-Miao
Universal Journal of Educational Research, v4 n10 p2373-2385 2016
Parent-child interaction, gratitude and prosocial behavior have a crucial impact on psychological development. According to our literature review, these three variables are positively related to one another. Therefore, the authors created a model that treats parent-child interaction as an exogenous variable, gratitude as a mediating variable, and prosocial behaviors as endogenous variables. To test this model, the authors administered the Parent-Child Interaction Scale, the Gratitude Scale, and the Prosocial Behavior Scale, which have good validity and reliability, to a total of 987 fifth- and sixth-grade students in Kaohsiung. In regard of gender, there were 521 males, occupying 52.8%; 466 females, occupying 47.2%. In respect with grade level, there were 482 grade-5 students, occupying 48.8%; 505 grade-6 students, occupying 51.2%. Based on an analysis of data using structural equation modeling (SEM), we reached the following conclusions: 1 There was a significant positive correlation between father-child and mother-child interactions; 2. There was a significant positive correlation between parent-child interaction, gratitude, and prosocial behavior; 3. Gratitude mediated the relationship between parent-child interaction and prosocial behavior.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A