ERIC Number: EJ1116295
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Formative Assessment Probes: Where Do I Put the Switch?
Science and Children, v53 n1 p28-30 Sep 2015
After completing a science unit on transfer of energy, including how chemical energy from a battery is converted to electrical energy; electrical circuits; and transformation of energy into sound, light, or heat; the students in Mrs. Finlay's fourth-grade science class were challenged to use what they learned to solve a problem. The students engaged in the engineering design process they had been using to develop and test a device that required a complete circuit. Mrs. Finlay supplied batteries, wires, light bulbs, buzzers, and switches. The students could also include their choice of additional materials. Mrs. Finlay used this project to assess the NGSS fourth-grade performance expectation 4-PS3-4: Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another (NGSS Lead States 2014) [Note: This is a hypothetical scenario]. This article describes how the students brainstormed ideas to solve the problem, choosing what they thought would be the best solution. Throughout the process, whenever misconceptions surfaced, Mrs. Finley helped the students revise or refine their ideas to move them beyond their preconceptions to the scientific ideas they would use in their planning.
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Engineering Education, Formative Evaluation, Energy, Grade 4, Elementary School Science, Science Teachers, Elementary School Students, Problem Solving, Science Equipment, Science Experiments, Science Activities, Hands on Science, Science Instruction, Brainstorming, Science Education
National Science Teachers Association. 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000. Tel: 800-722-6782; Fax: 703-243-3924; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.nsta.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A