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ERIC Number: EJ1116231
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1052-4800
Do College Students Notice Errors in Evidence When Critically Evaluating Research Findings?
Rodriguez, Fernando; Ng, Annalyn; Shah, Priti
Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, v27 n3 p63-78 2016
The authors examined college students' ability to critically evaluate scientific evidence, specifically, whether first- and second-year students noticed when poor interpretations were drawn from research evidence. Fifty students evaluated a set of eight psychological studies, first in an informal context, then again in a critical-thinking context. Half of the studies drew poor interpretations of the results--specifically, over-interpreting findings with small effects and inferring causal conclusions from correlational findings. Across both contexts, students noticed when studies over-interpreted small effects, but they were not able to notice when studies contained correlation-not-causation errors. Activities for helping students identify interpretive errors are suggested.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A