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ERIC Number: EJ1115978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Children Can Accurately Monitor and Control Their Number-Line Estimation Performance
Wall, Jenna L.; Thompson, Clarissa A.; Dunlosky, John; Merriman, William E.
Developmental Psychology, v52 n10 p1493-1502 Oct 2016
Accurate monitoring and control are essential for effective self-regulated learning. These metacognitive abilities may be particularly important for developing math skills, such as when children are deciding whether a math task is difficult or whether they made a mistake on a particular item. The present experiments investigate children's ability to monitor and control their math performance. Experiment 1 assessed task- and item-level monitoring while children performed a number line estimation task. Children in 1st, 2nd, and 4th grade (N = 59) estimated the location of numbers on small- and large-scale number lines and judged their confidence in each estimate. Consistent with their performance, children were more confident in their small-scale estimates than their large-scale estimates. Experiments 2 (N = 54) and 3 (N = 85) replicated this finding in new samples of 1st, 2nd, and 4th graders and assessed task- and item-level control. When asked which estimates they wanted the experimenter to evaluate for a reward, children tended to select estimates associated with lower error and higher confidence. Thus, children can accurately monitor their performance during number line estimation and use their monitoring to control their subsequent performance.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A