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ERIC Number: EJ1115941
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1932-6246
Causality in Solving Economic Problems
Robinson, A. Emanuel; Sloman, Steven A.; Hagmayer, York; Hertzog, Christopher K.
Journal of Problem Solving, v3 n1 Article 6 p106-130 Oct 2010
The role of causal beliefs in people's decisions when faced with economic problems was investigated. Two experiments are reported that vary the causal structure in prisoner's dilemma-like economic situations. We measured willingness to cooperate or defect and collected justifications and think-aloud protocols to examine the strategies that people used to perform the tasks. We found: (i) Individuals who assumed a direct causal influence of their own action upon their competitor's action tended to be more cooperative in competitive situations. (ii) A variety of different strategies was used to perform these tasks. (iii) Strategies indicative of a direct causal influence led to more cooperation. (iv) Temporal cues were not enough for participants to infer a particular causal relation. It is concluded that people are sensitive to causal structure in these situations, a result consistent with a causal model theory of choice (Sloman & Hagmayer, 2006).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0518147; R37AG14138