ERIC Number: EJ1115270
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Does Evidence-Based Fractions Intervention Address the Needs of Very Low-Performing Students?
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Sterba, Sonya K.; Fuchs, Douglas; Malone, Amelia S.
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, v9 n4 p662-677 2016
The purpose of this set of analyses, conducted on a randomized control trial examining the effects of a fourth-grade fraction intervention, was to assess the initial academic deficit severity hypothesis. With this hypothesis, at-risk students with more severe initial academic deficits are expected to profit less from intervention than do students with less severe initial academic deficits. Moderation analyses indicated that students with varying degrees of initial academic deficits benefited comparably from the intervention, such that effect sizes comparing intervention against control students were similar across the range of initial academic deficits. In a similar way, across the range of initial academic deficits, intervention students' posttest (spring) calculation performance was normalized (one standard error of measurement above the 25th percentile of a not-at-risk normative group's spring performance). On the most distal fractions outcome, however, normalized performance was achieved for intervention students with less severe initial academic deficits. Findings are discussed in terms of methods for judging intervention efficacy and for making individual decisions about when students should exit intervention.
Descriptors: Grade 4, Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Low Achievement, Academic Ability, Program Effectiveness, Effect Size, Mathematics Skills, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Mathematics, Achievement Gap, At Risk Students, Achievement Tests, Adults, Intelligence Tests, Pretests Posttests, Elementary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wide Range Achievement Test
IES Funded: Yes