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ERIC Number: EJ1115221
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0304-3797
How Do Engineering Attitudes Vary by Gender and Motivation? Attractiveness of Outreach Science Exhibitions in Four Countries
Salmi, Hannu; Thuneberg, Helena; Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina
European Journal of Engineering Education, v41 n6 p638-659 2016
Outreach activities, like mobile science exhibitions, give opportunities to hands-on experiences in an attractive learning environment. We analysed attitudes, motivation and learning during a science exhibition visit, their relations to gender and future educational plans in Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Belgium (N = 1210 sixth-graders). Pupils' performance in a knowledge test improved after the visit. Autonomous motivation and attitudes towards science predicted situation motivation awakened in the science exhibition. Interestingly, the "scientist" attitude and the "societal" attitude were clearly separate dimensions. The third dimension was manifested in the "engineering" attitude typical for boys, who were keener on working with appliances, designing computer games and animations. "Scientist" and "societal" attitudes correlated positively and "engineering" attitude correlated negatively with the future educational plans of choosing the academic track in secondary education. The "societal" perspective on science was connected to above average achievement. In the follow-up test, these attitudes showed to be quite stable.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium; Estonia; Finland; Latvia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A