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ERIC Number: EJ1115053
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1303-0485
Analysis of Student and School Level Variables Related to Mathematics Self-Efficacy Level Based on PISA 2012 Results for China-Shanghai, Turkey, and Greece
Usta, H. Gonca
Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, v16 n4 p1297-1323 Aug 2016
This study aims to analyze the student and school level variables that affect students' self-efficacy levels in mathematics in China-Shanghai, Turkey, and Greece based on PISA 2012 results. In line with this purpose, the hierarchical linear regression model (HLM) was employed. The interschool variability is estimated at approximately 17% in China-Shanghai, approximately 22% in Turkey, and approximately 23% in Greece. This study showed a positive association between variables of "self-confidence," "teacher support," and "attitude toward school," all of which are among Level 1 variables, and mathematics self-efficacy in all three countries. A negative association was observed to exist between the variables "socio-cultural index" and "educational opportunities at home" and mathematics self-efficacy in all three countries. While "pre-school education" in China-Shanghai and Turkey were negatively associated with students' mathematics self-efficacy levels, the same variable was positively associated with students' mathematics self-efficacy in Greece. While the variable "mathematical anxiety" was negatively associated with students' mathematics self-efficacy in China-Shanghai and Greece, it was positively associated with students' mathematics self-efficacy in Turkey. The variable "interest in mathematics," in turn, was negatively associated with mathematics self-efficacy solely in China-Shanghai. Regarding the association between mathematics self-efficacy levels and the school level variables, a near-zero positive association was found between "class size," deemed significant for Turkey, and self-efficacy levels. The association between "teacher to student ratio in school" and self-efficacy levels was found to be negative in all three countries. The variable "teacher's morale," however, was positively associated with self-efficacy level in China-Shanghai and Turkey.
Educational Consultancy, Ltd (EDAM). Kisikli Mh. Alemdag Cd. Yan Yol Sk., SBK Is Merkezi No:5 Kat:1, Uskudar-Istanbul, 34692 Turkey. Tel: +90-216-481-30-23; Fax: +90-216-481-31-36; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Shanghai); Greece; Turkey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A