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ERIC Number: EJ1114982
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 33
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0267-6583
English Compound and Non-Compound Processing in Bilingual and Multilingual Speakers: Effects of Dominance and Sequential Multilingualism
González Alonso, Jorge; Villegas, Julián; García Mayo, María del Pilar
Second Language Research, v32 n4 p503-535 Oct 2016
This article reports on a study investigating the relative influence of the first language and dominant language (L1) on second language (L2) and third language (L3) morpho-lexical processing. A lexical decision task compared the responses to English NV-er compounds (e.g. "taxi driver") and non-compounds provided by a group of native speakers and three groups of learners at various levels of English proficiency: L1 Spanish--L2 English sequential bilinguals and two groups of early Spanish-Basque bilinguals with English as their L3. Crucially, the two trilingual groups differed in their first and dominant language (i.e. L1 Spanish--L2 Basque vs. L1 Basque--L2 Spanish). Our materials exploit an (a)symmetry between these languages: while Basque and English pattern together in the basic structure of (productive) NV-er compounds, Spanish presents a construction that differs in directionality as well as inflection of the verbal element (V[subscript [3SG]] + N). Results show between and within group differences in accuracy and response times that may be ascribable to two factors besides proficiency: the number of languages spoken by a given participant and their dominant language. An examination of response bias reveals an influence of the participants' first and dominant language on the processing of NV-er compounds. Our data suggest that morphological information in the non-native lexicon may extend beyond morphemic structure and that, similarly to bilingualism, there are costs to sequential multilingualism in lexical retrieval.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A