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ERIC Number: EJ1114969
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7237
Mutual Exclusivity Develops as a Consequence of Abstract Rather than Particular Vocabulary Knowledge
Kalashnikova, Marina; Mattock, Karen; Monaghan, Padraic
First Language, v36 n5 p451-464 Oct 2016
Mutual exclusivity (ME) refers to the assumption that there are one-to-one relations between linguistic forms and their meanings. It is used as a word-learning strategy whereby children tend to map novel labels to unfamiliar rather than familiar referents. Previous research has indicated a relation between ME and vocabulary development, which could either be due to children's developing knowledge of the labels for familiar objects, or to enhanced general word-learning skills. In this study, ME was related to receptive vocabulary for 17- to 19-month-old children in a novel paradigm where children's familiarity with the objects and labels was controlled. It was found that infants with larger receptive vocabularies employed ME to a greater extent than infants with a smaller vocabulary size. The results indicate that ME use is more reliable in infants with larger receptive vocabulary size, and, critically, that ME gradually consolidates as an abstract word-learning strategy as infants' linguistic experience increases.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A