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ERIC Number: EJ1114818
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0046-760X
Monitoring Child Health: School Doctors at Work in a Dutch Rural Area (1930-1970)
Bakker, Nelleke
History of Education, v45 n6 p813-830 2016
From 1948 the World Health Organization expected child hygiene to include mental health. This article discusses the way school doctors adapted their activities and concerns accordingly in the mid-twentieth century in an agrarian-industrial area of the Netherlands. In spite of an improvement in pupils' physical health they shifted their attention only to a limited extent towards mental health. Nevertheless, it became an important aspect of their work, as they stimulated activities they conceived of as promoting both physical and mental health, such as gymnastics and swimming. Their key interest concerned mental deficiency and the promotion of special schooling. In this respect they played a very active role, to the extent of producing "feeblemindedness" and learning disabilities. At the same time the school doctors clung to their traditional ideal of supporting the school's effectiveness by trying to reduce possible dangers threatening pupils' learning capacity and, increasingly, their mental well-being.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A