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ERIC Number: EJ1114501
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0145-482X
Promoting Leisure-Time Physical Activity for Students with Visual Impairments Using Generalization Tactics
Haegele, Justin A.
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, v109 n4 p322-326 Jul-Aug 2015
Important and favorable health effects of physical activity have been well documented. Unfortunately, school-aged individuals who are visually impaired tend to be less physically active than their peers without visual impairments. Although students with visual impairments learn skills to participate in physical activities during their PE classes, they may have difficulty using those skills in other settings, at other times, or with other people. Generalization refers to the use of newly acquired skills or behaviors in non-training environments. This article will briefly describe how four of the 13 generalization tactics identified by Cooper and colleagues (2007) can be utilized to promote leisure-time physical activity for school-aged individuals with visual impairments. These tactics include: (1) asking significant others to notice and reinforce physical activity participation; (2) teaching students to recruit reinforcement; (3) teaching sufficient stimulus examples; and (4) teaching self-management skills. Teachers can plan to use one or a combination of these tactics to program PE skills for generalization.
American Foundation for the Blind. 11 Penn Plaza Suite 300, New York, NY 10001. Tel: 800-232-5463; Tel: 212-502-7600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A