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ERIC Number: EJ1114421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Collaborative Knowledge Building Promote Both Scientific Processes and Science Achievement?
Chan, Carol K. K.; Lam, Ivan C. K.; Leung, Raymond W. H.
International Journal of Educational Psychology, v1 n3 p199-227 Oct 2012
This study investigated the role of collective knowledge building in promoting scientific inquiry and achievements among Hong Kong high-school chemistry students. The participants included 34 Grade 10 (15-16 years old) students who engaged in collective inquiry and progressive discourse, using Knowledge Forum®, a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. A comparison class of 35 students also participated in the study. The instructional design, premised on knowledge-building principles including epistemic agency, improvable ideas and community knowledge, consisted of several components: developing a collaborative classroom culture, engaging in problem-centered inquiry, deepening the knowledge-building discourse, and aligning assessment with collective learning. Quantitative findings show that the students in the knowledge-building classroom outperformed the comparison students in scientific understanding with sustained effects in public examination. Analyses of knowledge-building dynamics indicate that the students showed deeper engagement and inquiry over time. Students' collaboration and inquiry on Knowledge Forum significantly predicted their scientific understanding, over and above the effects of their prior science achievement. Qualitative analyses suggest how student's knowledge-creation discourse, involving explanatory inquiry, constructive use of information and theory revision, can scaffold scientific understanding.
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Scientific Research, Computer Assisted Instruction, Grade 10, Secondary School Students, Epistemology, Instructional Design, Chemistry, Foreign Countries, Cooperative Learning, Problem Based Learning, Qualitative Research, Learner Engagement, Inquiry, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education, Regression (Statistics), Student Attitudes, Discourse Analysis, Prediction, Statistical Analysis, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Secondary Education; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A