ERIC Number: EJ1114308
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Propensity Score Analysis: An Alternative Statistical Approach for HRD Researchers
Keiffer, Greggory L.; Lane, Forrest C.
European Journal of Training and Development, v40 n8-9 p660-675 2016
Purpose: This paper aims to introduce matching in propensity score analysis (PSA) as an alternative statistical approach for researchers looking to make causal inferences using intact groups. Design/methodology/approach: An illustrative example demonstrated the varying results of analysis of variance, analysis of covariance and PSA on a heuristic data set. The three approaches were compared by results and violations of statistical assumptions. Findings: Through the illustrative example, it is demonstrated how different statistical approaches can produce varied results. Only PSA mitigated pre-existing group differences without violating the assumption of independence. Originality/value: This paper attempts to answer calls in the literature for more robust statistical methodologies to better inform human resource development practice and theory.
Descriptors: Probability, Scores, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Inference, Heuristics, Robustness (Statistics), Labor Force Development, Theory Practice Relationship, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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