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ERIC Number: EJ1114297
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Schemes for Integrating Text and Image in the Science Textbook: Effects on Comprehension and Situational Interest
Peterson, Matthew O.
International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, v11 n6 p1365-1385 2016
Science education researchers have turned their attention to the use of images in textbooks, both because pages are heavily illustrated and because visual literacy is an important aptitude for science students. Text-image integration in the textbook is described here as composition schemes in increasing degrees of integration: prose primary (PP), prose subsumed (PS), and fully integrated (FI). These schemes enable experimental research with authentic media without diminishing complexity. Seventh grade subjects used media variants in a within-subjects design (N = 158). Comprehension tests revealed higher comprehension for FI over PP media variants in one of three sessions (P = 0.0073). FI scores were highest for the other tests but not significantly so (P>0.05). A post-test situational interest measure revealed a significant preference pattern of FI>PS>PP. As textbooks follow a general PP strategy, expansion and confirmation of the results would suggest increasing the degree of text--image integration for middle school science textbooks.
Descriptors: Textbooks, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Statistical Analysis, Grade 7, Middle School Students, Pretests Posttests, Instructional Materials, Correlation, Reading Comprehension, Visual Literacy, Textbook Preparation, Reading Interests
LOOK Academic Publishers. Knobbelzwaansingel 211 Den Haag 2496LN, Netherlands. Tel: 31-20-217-0912; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ijese.net
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A