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ERIC Number: EJ1113951
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Teaching the Concept of Gibbs Energy Minimization through Its Application to Phase-Equilibrium Calculation
Privat, Romain; Jaubert, Jean-Noe¨l; Berger, Etienne; Coniglio, Lucie; Lemaitre, Ce´cile; Meimaroglou, Dimitrios; Warth, Vale´rie
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n9 p1569-1577 Sep 2016
Robust and fast methods for chemical or multiphase equilibrium calculation are routinely needed by chemical-process engineers working on sizing or simulation aspects. Yet, while industrial applications essentially require calculation tools capable of discriminating between stable and nonstable states and converging to nontrivial solutions, students are often introduced to the simplest and less efficient equilibrium-calculation methods. In this article, the Gibbs energy minimization technique is presented as a robust alternative way to perform phase-equilibrium calculations and is applied to the determination of 2-fluid phase equilibria in low-pressure binary systems. It is carefully explained how the combination of this technique with an efficient quasi-global minimization method makes it possible to derive a robust PT-flash algorithm. In the frame of project-based learning devoted to develop a tool for building complex phase diagrams, this approach was successfully tested with a group of 100 students.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A