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ERIC Number: EJ1113641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1175-2882
Assessment of Student Outcomes from Work-Integrated Learning: Validity and Reliability
Smith, Calvin
Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, v15 n3 p209-223 2014
In this article the issues of validity and reliability in the assessment of the learning outcomes of WIL curricula are considered. An argument is made that there are three classes of learning outcome for WIL curricula: experience of the work-world; the development or refinement of skills; and the application of disciplinary knowledge in work contexts. It is noted that the protocols for assessing the first two of these outcome classes have a longer history and are better developed, in terms of established validity and reliability, than those for assessing the third outcome class. An elaboration is then made of the scope and meaning this third class of outcome, and it is argued that the naïve notion of "application" can be developed fruitfully in terms of three requirements that force the explicit integration of theory and practice: (1) interpretations of the setting; (2) predictions about the impacts of possible future action scenarios therein; and (3) action choices. When all three are justified by reference to disciplinary canonical knowledge and theory a strong case can be made that students have successfully integrated theory and practice. This idea is developed and a generic rubric is proffered that may be of use to WIL curriculum designers and assessors.
New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education. University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand. Tel: +64-7-838-4892; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A