NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1113359
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1537-2456
Punctuation and Capitalization in Text Messages Sent from Traditional Mobile Phones versus Smartphones: Implications for Higher Education
Johnson, Genevieve
International Journal on E-Learning, v15 n3 p327-340 Aug 2016
Technology often mediates, and thus influences, written language conventions such as punctuation and capitalization. Fifty university students sent two text messages, one with an alphanumeric multi-press keypad mobile phone (i.e., Nokia 1101) and another with a full QWERTY keypad smartphone (i.e., Apple iPhone 4). Compared to text messages sent from the alphanumeric mobile phone, text messages sent from smartphone contained significantly more words, commas and question marks and significantly less required capital letters. Results suggest that text message quality may be enhanced by emerging technology (i.e., full QWERTY keypad smartphones) but not necessarily by use of standard written English language conventions such as capitalizations. Implications for higher education student writing include validating students' literacy skills, fostering global communication skills and using communication technologies to facilitate learning.
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A