ERIC Number: EJ1113123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 66
A New Role Change Approach in Pre-Service Teacher Education for Developing Pedagogical Content Knowledge in the Context of a Student Outreach Lab
Scharfenberg, Franz-Josef; Bogner, Franz X.
Research in Science Education, v46 n5 p743-766 Oct 2016
How pre-service teachers (PST) develop pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) during science teacher education is an open research question. Our teacher education module, theoretically based on PCK, specifically combines biology PSTs' education with high school students' biology education and includes an innovative role change approach. Altogether, 41 PSTs each participated in three subsequent module days with students (N = 823) from 50 classes. The module's content dealt with the syllabus topic "Genetic Fingerprinting." During participation, the PSTs changed their role by assuming a student's role on the first day, a tutor's role on the second day, and a teacher's role on the third day. By quasi-experimentally administering pre- and delayed posttests, we qualitatively monitored, then content-analytically categorized, and finally quantitatively analyzed three specific PCK components. In contrast to a control group (which did not participate in the module), our treatment preferentially changed the PSTs' orientations toward teaching biology to a more student-centered orientation (both intra- and inter-group differences with medium effect sizes). Additionally, the PSTs who participated in the three modules days differed before and after module participation in how they addressed potential student learning difficulties and identified potential instructional strategies for avoiding these difficulties. The changes in these PCK components point to a step-by-step development of the PSTs' PCK. In this process, our participating PSTs assessed the importance of their three roles on the 3 days quite differently; most notably, we found one relationship between the teacher role and the PSTs' student-centeredness. We specifically discuss the potential and importance of our role change approach within science teacher education.
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Science Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Science Laboratories, Outreach Programs, Role Perception, Science Education, Biology, Role Playing, Perspective Taking, Student Role, Teacher Role, Tutors, Learning Modules, Quasiexperimental Design, Pretests Posttests, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Student Centered Learning, Effect Size, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A