NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1113063
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Prediction in the Processing of Repair Disfluencies: Evidence from the Visual-World Paradigm
Lowder, Matthew W.; Ferreira, Fernanda
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n9 p1400-1416 Sep 2016
Two visual-world eye-tracking experiments investigated the role of prediction in the processing of repair disfluencies (e.g., "The chef reached for some salt uh I mean some ketchup ..."). Experiment 1 showed that listeners were more likely to fixate a critical distractor item (e.g., "pepper") during the processing of repair disfluencies compared with the processing of coordination structures (e.g., "... some salt and also some ketchup ..."). Experiment 2 replicated the findings of Experiment 1 for disfluency versus coordination constructions and also showed that the pattern of fixations to the critical distractor for disfluency constructions was similar to the fixation patterns for sentences employing contrastive focus (e.g., "... not some salt but rather some ketchup ..."). The results suggest that similar mechanisms underlie the processing of repair disfluencies and contrastive focus, with listeners generating sets of entities that stand in semantic contrast to the reparandum in the case of disfluencies or the negated entity in the case of contrastive focus.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina
Grant or Contract Numbers: R56DC013545