ERIC Number: EJ1113032
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
A Review of the Empirical Research on Private School Choice
Egalite, Anna J.; Wolf, Patrick J.
Peabody Journal of Education, v91 n4 p441-454 2016
Parents in the United States have had the legal right to choose the school their child attends for a long time. Traditionally, parental school choice took the form of families moving to a neighborhood with good public schools or self-financing private schooling. Contemporary education policies allow parents in many areas to choose from among public schools in neighboring districts, public magnet schools, public charter schools, private schools through the use of a voucher or tax-credit scholarship, virtual schools, or even homeschooling. The newest form of school choice is education savings accounts (ESAs), which make a portion of the funds that a state spends on children in public schools available to their parents in spending accounts that they can use to customize their children's education. Opponents claim that expanding private school choice yields no additional benefits to participants and generates significant harms to the students "left behind" in traditional public schools. A review of the empirical research on private school choice finds evidence that private school choice delivers some benefits to participating students-particularly in the area of educational attainment-and tends to help, albeit to a limited degree, the achievement of students who remain in public schools.
Descriptors: School Choice, Private Schools, Educational Research, Academic Achievement, Educational Attainment, Program Effectiveness, Public Schools, Racial Segregation, Futures (of Society), Educational Trends, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A