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ERIC Number: EJ1113028
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0950-0693
Investigating the Effects of Structured and Guided Inquiry on Students' Development of Conceptual Knowledge and Inquiry Abilities: A Case Study in Taiwan
Fang, Su-Chi; Hsu, Ying-Shao; Chang, Hsin-Yi; Chang, Wen-Hua; Wu, Hsin-Kai; Chen, Chih-Ming
International Journal of Science Education, v38 n12 p1945-1971 2016
In order to promote scientific inquiry in secondary schooling in Taiwan, the study developed a computer-based inquiry curriculum (including structured and guided inquiry units) and investigated how the curriculum influenced students' science learning. The curriculum was implemented in 5 junior secondary schools in the context of a weeklong summer science course with 117 students. We first used a multi-level assessment approach to evaluate the students' learning outcomes with the curriculum. Then, a path analysis approach was adopted for investigating at different assessment levels how the curriculum as a whole and how different types of inquiry units affected the students' development of conceptual understandings and inquiry abilities. The results showed that the curriculum was effective in enhancing the students' conceptual knowledge and inquiry abilities in the contexts of the six scientific topics. After the curriculum, they were able to construct interconnected scientific knowledge. The path diagrams suggested that, due to different instructional designs, the structured and guided inquiry units appeared to support the students' learning of the topics in different ways. More importantly, they demonstrated graphically how the learning of content knowledge and inquiry ability mutually influenced one another and were reciprocally developed in a computer-based inquiry learning environment.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 9; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A