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ERIC Number: EJ1112848
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1382-4996
Inter-Rater Reliability and Generalizability of Patient Note Scores Using a Scoring Rubric Based on the USMLE Step-2 CS Format
Park, Yoon Soo; Hyderi, Abbas; Bordage, Georges; Xing, Kuan; Yudkowsky, Rachel
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v21 n4 p761-773 Oct 2016
Recent changes to the patient note (PN) format of the United States Medical Licensing Examination have challenged medical schools to improve the instruction and assessment of students taking the Step-2 clinical skills examination. The purpose of this study was to gather validity evidence regarding response process and internal structure, focusing on inter-rater reliability and generalizability, to determine whether a locally-developed PN scoring rubric and scoring guidelines could yield reproducible PN scores. A randomly selected subsample of historical data (post-encounter PN from 55 of 177 medical students) was rescored by six trained faculty raters in November-December 2014. Inter-rater reliability (% exact agreement and kappa) was calculated for five standardized patient cases administered in a local graduation competency examination. Generalizability studies were conducted to examine the overall reliability. Qualitative data were collected through surveys and a rater-debriefing meeting. The overall inter-rater reliability (weighted kappa) was 0.79 (Documentation = 0.63, Differential Diagnosis = 0.90, Justification = 0.48, and Workup = 0.54). The majority of score variance was due to case specificity (13%) and case-task specificity (31%), indicating differences in student performance by case and by case-task interactions. Variance associated with raters and its interactions were modest (<5%). Raters felt that justification was the most difficult task to score and that having case and level-specific scoring guidelines during training was most helpful for calibration. The overall inter-rater reliability indicates high level of confidence in the consistency of note scores. Designs for scoring notes may optimize reliability by balancing the number of raters and cases.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: United States Medical Licensing Examination
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A