ERIC Number: EJ1112728
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Sensitive Periods of Emotion Regulation: Influences of Parental Care on Frontoamygdala Circuitry and Plasticity
Gee, Dylan G.
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, n153 p87-110 Fall 2016
Early caregiving experiences play a central role in shaping emotional development, stress physiology, and refinement of limbic circuitry. Converging evidence across species delineates a sensitive period of heightened neuroplasticity when frontoamygdala circuitry is especially amenable to caregiver inputs early in life. During this period, parental buffering regulates emotional behaviors and stress physiology as emotion regulation circuitry continues to mature. By contrast, disorganized or poor quality caregiving has profound and lasting consequences on the maturation of frontoamygdala circuitry essential for emotion regulation, even following termination of this early life stressor (e.g., adoption from orphanage). This article highlights how interactions between caregiving experiences and the biological state of the developing brain have broad implications for long-term health.
Descriptors: Self Control, Emotional Development, Stress Variables, Physiology, Brain, Cognitive Processes, Parenting Styles, Child Caregivers, Foster Care, Child Development, Neurology, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A