ERIC Number: EJ1112725
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Translational Neuroscience as a Tool for Intervention Development in the Context of High-Adversity Families
Rutherford, Helena J. V.; Mayes, Linda C.; Fisher, Philip A.
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, n153 p111-125 Fall 2016
The use of theory-driven models to develop and evaluate family-based intervention programs has a long history in psychology. Some of the first evidence-based parenting programs to address child problem behavior, developed in the 1970s, were grounded in causal models derived from longitudinal developmental research. The same translational strategies can also be applied to designing programs that leverage emerging scientific knowledge about the effects of early adverse experiences on neurobiological systems to reduce risk and promote well-being. By specifying not only behavioral targets but also affected underlying neural systems, interventions can become more precise and efficient. This chapter describes the development of a program of research focusing on an intervention for young children in foster care. The intervention emerged from social learning theory research and employs a translational neuroscience approach. The conceptual model guiding the research, which incorporates behavioral domains as well as stress-regulatory neural systems, is described. Finally, future directions for translational neuroscience in family-based intervention research are considered.
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Intervention, Family Programs, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Young Children, Foster Care, Socialization, Learning Theories, Stress Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A