ERIC Number: EJ1112553
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Associations between Personality and Physical Aggression in Chinese and U.S. Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Temper
Wang, Jennifer M.; Hartl, Amy C.; Laursen, Brett; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn; Rubin, Kenneth H.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v36 n7 p909-931 Oct 2016
Youth aggression is a serious global issue, but research identifying personality traits associated with aggression has focused on adults. Little is known about whether similar associations exist during adolescence; even less is known about these associations across cultures. This study examined links between personality and physical aggression in U.S. and Chinese adolescents, and tested whether temper mediates these associations. U.S. (N = 250) and Chinese (N = 199) young adolescents ([X bar] age = 13.43 years) completed self-reports describing personality, temper, and aggression. Path analyses demonstrated that temper significantly mediated associations from agreeableness and neuroticism to aggression in both samples. The mediating effect of temper was marginally stronger in the Chinese sample than in the U.S. sample, suggesting temper plays a more important role in youth aggression in China than in the United States. Findings highlight the universal role of affect in aggression and demonstrate the importance of cultural context in understanding links between personality and youth aggression.
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Personality Traits, Asians, North Americans, Cross Cultural Studies, Path Analysis, Foreign Countries, Neurosis, Role, Cultural Context, Measures (Individuals), Middle School Students, Factor Analysis, Item Analysis, Grade 8, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8; Elementary Education
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Beijing); District of Columbia
Grant or Contract Numbers: MH58116; OISE1107281