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ERIC Number: EJ1112291
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Pantomime Production by People with Aphasia: What Are Influencing Factors?
van Nispen, Karin; van de Sandt-Koenderman, Mieke; Mol, Lisette; Krahmer, Emiel
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v59 n4 p745-758 Aug 2016
Purpose: The present article aimed to inform clinical practice on whether people with aphasia (PWA) deploy pantomime techniques similarly to participants without brain damage (PWBD) and if not, what factors influence these differences. Method: We compared 38 PWA to 20 PWBD in their use of 6 representation techniques ("handling," "enact," "object," "shape," "deictic," and "other") when pantomiming objects, and determined whether PWA used the same defaults as PWBD. We assessed the influence of "(non-)dominant arm use," "ideomotor apraxia," "semantic processing," "aphasia severity," and "oral naming." Results: PWA used various pantomime techniques. Enact, deictic, and other were used infrequently. No differences were found for the use of shape techniques, but PWA used fewer handling and object techniques than PWBD and they did not use these for the same objects as PWBD did. No influence was found for (non-)dominant arm use. All other variables correlated with the use of handling, object, and defaults. Conclusion: In our study, PWA were able to use various pantomime techniques. As a group, they used these techniques differently from PWBD and relied more heavily on the use of shape techniques. This was not influenced by a hemiparesis, but seemed dependent on semantic processing. Clinical implications are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A