ERIC Number: EJ1112079
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
The Temporal Dynamics of Spoken Word Recognition in Adverse Listening Conditions
Brouwer, Susanne; Bradlow, Ann R.
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v45 n5 p1151-1160 Oct 2016
This study examined the temporal dynamics of spoken word recognition in noise and background speech. In two visual-world experiments, English participants listened to target words while looking at four pictures on the screen: a target (e.g. "candle"), an onset competitor (e.g. "candy"), a rhyme competitor (e.g. "sandal"), and an unrelated distractor (e.g. "lemon"). Target words were presented in quiet, mixed with broadband noise, or mixed with background speech. Results showed that lexical competition changes throughout the observation window as a function of what is presented in the background. These findings suggest that, rather than being strictly sequential, stream segregation and lexical competition interact during spoken word recognition.
Descriptors: Oral Language, Word Recognition, Visual Stimuli, Task Analysis, Auditory Stimuli, Pictorial Stimuli, Acoustics, Observation, Speech, Rhyme, Interference (Learning), Listening Skills, English, Psycholinguistics, Language Processing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01DC005794