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ERIC Number: EJ1112022
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Novel Symbol Learning-Induced Stroop Effect: Evidence for a Strategy-Based, Utility Learning Model
Wang, Jin; Tang, Huijun; Deng, Yuan
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v45 n5 p1161-1171 Oct 2016
The automaticity level and attention priority/strategy are two major theories that have attempted to explain the mechanism underlying the Stroop effect. Training is an effective way to manipulate the experience with the two dimensions (ink color and color word) in the Stroop task. In order to distinguish the above two factors (the automaticity or attention/strategy), we revised the training paradigm of MacLeod's study ("J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn" 14(1):126-135, 1988) by adding a control condition for the Stroop task on Chinese. We found that with training, the changing pattern for the Stroop effect was similar in Stroop tasks in novel symbols and in Chinese, showing markedly increasing interference and marginally decreasing facilitation. The current findings support the strategy-based learning account at early stages of novel learning of written symbols.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A