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ERIC Number: EJ1111866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0517
Leveling the Playing Field: The Efficacy of Thinking Maps on English Language Learner Students' Writing
Cooks, Jamal; Sunseri, Anita
CATESOL Journal, v25 n1 p24-40 2013-2014
Many students, especially English language learners (ELLs), struggle with writing expository texts. This study examined the impact of several writing strategies on ELLs' writing skills, including prewriting strategies and scaffolding strategies inherent in the Thinking Maps (TM) program. The purpose of the study was to see if ELLs were able to use these strategies to express their ideas more effectively in compositions in a more organized way. The participants were 8 students in grades 3 through 5 in the South Bay School District. The students were participating in an after-school writing class 2 days a week for 6 months. As a result, the overall average of students' writing scores in the areas of "Ideas" and "Organization" increased. While the overall averages were below the proficiency level (3.0), these writing strategies can be seen as having a positive impact on ELLs' writing skills.
CATESOL. P.O. Box 9200-338, Fountain Valley, CA 92708. Tel: 714-907-4033; Fax: 888-832-0501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A