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ERIC Number: EJ1111722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2014-3591
Peers Influence Mathematics Strategy Use in Early Elementary School
Carr, Martha; Barned, Nicole; Otumfuor, Beryl
International Journal of Educational Psychology, v5 n1 p27-55 Feb 2016
This study examined the impact of performance goals on arithmetic strategy use, and how same-sex peer groups contributed to the selection of strategies used by first-graders. It was hypothesized that gender differences in strategy use are a function of performance goals and the influence of same-sex peers. Using a sample of 75 first grade students, data were collected at three time-points throughout the school year. Hierarchical linear regression and repeated measures ANCOVAs indicated that performance goals predicted an increased use of retrieval and cognitive strategies, but only in boys. Accuracy in performance and an increased use of retrieval and cognitive strategies were found in all-boy groups, but not in all-girl groups. The study identifies performance goals and peers as playing a persuasive role in the use of retrieval and cognitive strategies for boys. Neither variable explained girls' preference for manipulative-based strategies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A