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ERIC Number: EJ1111589
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: 50
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2330-8516
Reliability and the Nonequivalent Groups with Anchor Test Design. Research Report. ETS RR-07-16
Moses, Tim; Kim, Sooyeon
ETS Research Report Series, Apr 2007
This study evaluated the impact of unequal reliability on test equating methods in the nonequivalent groups with anchor test (NEAT) design. Classical true score-based models were compared in terms of their assumptions about how reliability impacts test scores. These models were related to treatment of population ability differences by different NEAT equating methods. A score model was then developed based on the most important features of the reviewed score models and used to study reliability in a simulation study across a total of 45 measurement conditions (= 5 test and anchor reliability combinations × 3 population ability difference conditions × 3 sample sizes). Ten equating methods were considered: chained linear, chained equipercentile with raw and smoothed frequencies, Tucker, frequency estimation equipercentile with raw and smoothed frequencies, Levine observed using Angoff-estimated and the "correct" reliabilities based on the data generation model used in this study, and Levine true using Angoff-estimated and correct reliabilities. The results were consistent with what is known about equating functions and their variability. Unequal and/or low reliability inflates equating function variability and alters equating functions when population abilities differ.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A