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ERIC Number: EJ1111540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1338-1563
Diverse Complexities, Complex Diversities: Resisting "Normal Science" in Pedagogical and Research Methodologies. A Perspective from Aotearoa (New Zealand)
Ritchie, Jenny
Journal of Pedagogy, v7 n1 p25-37 Jun 2016
This paper offers an overview of complexities of the contexts for education in Aotearoa, which include the need to recognise and include Maori (Indigenous) perspectives, but also to extend this inclusion to the context of increasing ethnic diversity. These complexities include the situation of worsening disparities between rich and poor which disproportionately position Maori and those from Pacific Island backgrounds in situations of poverty. It then offers a brief critique of government policies before providing some examples of models that resist "normal science" categorisations. These include: the Maori values underpinning the effective teachers' profile of the Kotahitanga project and of the Maori assessment model for early childhood education; the dispositions identified in a Samoan model for assessing young children's learning; and the approach developed for assessing Maori children's literacy and numeracy within schools where Maori language is the medium of instruction. These models all position learning within culturally relevant frames that are grounded in non-Western onto-epistemologies which include spiritual, cultural, and collective aspirations.
De Gruyter Open. Available from: Walter de Gruyter, Inc. 121 High Street, Third Floor, Boston, MA 02110. Tel: 857-284-7073; Fax: 857-284-7358; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand; Samoa
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A