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ERIC Number: EJ1111236
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 84
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2330-8516
Linking English-Language Test Scores onto the Common European Framework of Reference: An Application of Standard-Setting Methodology. TOEFL iBT Research Report TOEFL iBt-06. ETS RR-08-34
Tannenbaum, Richard J.; Wylie, E. Caroline
ETS Research Report Series, Jun 2008
The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) describes language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening on a 6-level scale. In this study, English-language experts from across Europe linked CEFR levels to scores on three tests: the TOEFL® iBT test, the TOEIC® assessment, and the TOEIC "Bridge"™ test. Standard-setting methodology (a modified Angoff approach and a modified examinee paper selection approach) was used to construct the linkages. Linkages were established for TOEFL iBT at levels B1, B2, and C1. Linkages were established for TOEIC at levels A1 through C1, with the exception of Reading at the C1 level. The TOEIC "Bridge" test was linked to its three targeted levels of the CEFR. The report details the methods, procedures, and results of the study.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language; Test of English for International Communication
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A