ERIC Number: EJ1111060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
A Repeat Look at Repeating Patterns
Markworth, Kimberly A.
Teaching Children Mathematics, v23 n1 p22-29 Aug 2016
A "repeating pattern" is a cyclical repetition of an identifiable core. Children in the primary grades usually begin pattern work with fairly simple patterns, such as AB, ABC, or ABB patterns. The unique letters represent unique elements, whereas the sequence of letters represents the core that is repeated. Based on color, shape, orientation, and other variables, the elements within a repeating pattern can be unique. Repeating patterns can also comprise motions or sounds (e.g., Moo, Quack, Quack, Moo, Quack, Quack . . .). Although not included specifically in the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) (CCSSI 2010) content standards in K-grade 2, the use of patterns should not be excluded. Confrey and her colleagues (2012) have identified "bridging standards" those absent from CCSSM, nevertheless important mathematical concepts that link previous learning to CCSSM content standards or identify content that is crucial to later content standards in grades 3-5 that explicitly link to other types of patterns. Although the primary grades are already rigorous and full, a strong rationale exists for why all students would benefit from appropriate attention to repeating patterns. In this article Kimberly Markworth highlights some of the mathematical connections that early work with repeating patterns affords.
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematics, Common Core State Standards, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Numbers, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Teachers
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-9840; Fax: 703-476-2570; e-mail: NCTM@nctm.org; Web site: http://www.nctm.org/publications/teaching-children-mathematics/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 1; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A