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ERIC Number: EJ1110850
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0036-8326
Name-Dropping or Understanding?: Teaching to Observe Geologically
Frøyland, Merethe; Remmen, Kari Beate; Sørvik, Gard Ove
Science Education, v100 n5 p923-951 Sep 2016
This study investigates how teaching can support students' ability to apply rock identification by addressing scientific observation. In the context of geology education in Norway, we investigate two cases in which different approaches to teaching rock identification are carried out. Case A involves traditional teaching activities in one class of upper secondary school students, while Case B consists of teaching activities focusing on observation in a class of elementary school students. The study relies on analysis of video data using headcams from classroom activities and fieldwork. A year later, we asked the same students to apply rock identification to samples that were new to them. Results indicate that the teaching approach influenced the students' opportunities for developing an understanding of rock identification. The students in case A identified the samples by applying specific names of rocks and geological terminology, which led to errors and misconnections. Their application of rock identification can be characterized as "name-dropping." By contrast, the students in case B identified rocks by noticing the patterns. They also explained theories of rock formation and geological terminology, thus demonstrating "understanding." We discuss how the findings from case B can be translated into a tool for teaching rock identification.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A