ERIC Number: EJ1110840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Critical Variables in Singing Accuracy Test Construction: A Review of Literature
Nichols, Bryan E.
Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, v35 n1 p39-46 Oct 2016
The purpose of this review of literature was to identify research findings for designing assessments in singing accuracy. The aim was to specify the test construction variables that directly affect test performance to guide future design in singing accuracy assessment for research and classroom uses. Three pitch-matching tasks--single pitch, interval pitch, and patterns--plus song-singing have each been shown to be discriminators of singing accuracy. Teachers and researchers should consider incorporating more than one task type when assessing children, since performance on one song or pitch-matching task cannot easily be generalized to others. Item-level and task-level difficulty must be taken into consideration when designing singing tests. In addition to task type, the variables of singing voice development, contextual presentation, model characteristics, range, and text must be a part of a priori decision making.
Descriptors: Singing, Accuracy, Music, Music Education, Test Construction, Literature Reviews, Music Teachers, Test Items, Correlation, Difficulty Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
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