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ERIC Number: EJ1110457
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Exploring the Gas Chemistry of Old Submarine Technologies Using Plastic Bottles as Reaction Vessels and Models
Horikoshi, Ryo; Takeiri, Fumitaka; Kobayashi, Yoji; Kageyama, Hiroshi
Journal of Chemical Education, v93 n8 p1411-1414 Aug 2016
We describe an activity that is suitable for high school students and makes use of plastic bottles. This activity allows students to familiarize themselves with gas chemistry by introducing technologies that were applied in old submarine systems. Plastic bottles, which are representative of submarines, are used as reaction vessels. Three simple experiments regarding gas chemistry are carried out in the plastic bottles: (1) a carbon dioxide absorption reaction using soda lime, which mimics an air-cleaning canister; (2) a chlorine and hydrogen evolution reaction by the electrolysis of brine, which highlights the accidental generation of gases by lead batteries on board submarines; and (3) a catalytic hydrogen peroxide decomposition that exists in submarine propulsion system. To introduce an antisonar countermeasure system outside the submarine, a fourth experiment on hydrogen generation by the reaction of calcium hydride and water is also conducted.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Secondary Education; High Schools
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A