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ERIC Number: EJ1110386
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0007-0998
The Role of Attainment Value, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Message Frame in the Appraisal of Value-Promoting Messages
Symes, Wendy; Putwain, David W.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v86 n3 p446-460 Sep 2016
Background: Prior to high-stakes examinations, teachers may use value-promoting messages (VPMs) to communicate to students the value and importance of their forthcoming examinations in the hope that they will adopt adaptive learning and study behaviours. These messages can focus on achieving success (gain-framed) or avoiding failure (loss-framed). Aims: This study examined how secondary school students appraised hypothetical gain- and loss-framed VPMs, and how these appraisals differed according to self-reported levels of attainment value (AV) and academic self-efficacy (ASE). Samples: In total, 539 secondary school students (284 male, 255 female, mean age 14.8 years) were participated in this study. Methods: Participants completed self-report measures of AV and ASE and appraised hypothetical VPMs as challenging, threatening, or irrelevant (disregard). Participants were randomly assigned to a gain- or loss-framed condition. Results: A challenge appraisal was greater in students with higher AV and ASE. A threat appraisal was greater in students with higher AV and lower ASE. A disregard appraisal was higher in students with lower AV. Message frame did not interact with AV or ASE in the appraisal of VPMs as challenging, threatening, or irrelevant. Conclusions: Educational practitioners should consider the characteristics of their students before using VPMs. In particular, they may not be effective for students high in AV and low in ASE. They are likely to be ineffective for students low in AV.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A