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ERIC Number: EJ1110223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Superior Cognitive Mapping through Single Landmark-Related Learning than through Boundary-Related Learning
Zhou, Ruojing; Mou, Weimin
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n8 p1316-1323 Aug 2016
Cognitive mapping is assumed to be through hippocampus-dependent place learning rather than striatum-dependent response learning. However, we proposed that either type of spatial learning, as long as it involves encoding metric relations between locations and reference points, could lead to a cognitive map. Furthermore, the fewer reference points to specify individual locations, the more accurate a cognitive map of these locations will be. We demonstrated that participants have more accurate representations of vectors between 2 locations and of configurations among 3 locations when locations are individually encoded in terms of a single landmark than when locations are encoded in terms of a boundary. Previous findings have shown that learning locations relative to a boundary involve stronger place learning and higher hippocampal activation whereas learning relative to a single landmark involves stronger response learning and higher striatal activation. Recognizing this, we have provided evidence challenging the cognitive map theory but favoring our proposal.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A