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ERIC Number: EJ1110116
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0017-8969
How Do Management and Non-Management Employees Perceive Workplace Wellness Programmes? A Qualitative Examination
Caperchione, Cristina M.; Reid, R. Colin; Sharp, Paul G.; Stehmeier, Joshua
Health Education Journal, v75 n5 p553-564 Aug 2016
Objectives: The value of workplace wellness programmes (WWPs) has been established in the literature. Such programmes, however, have an increased likelihood for success when both management and non-management employees' perspectives and needs are incorporated into development and implementation. This study aimed to identify the perspectives of each of these two employee groups as a means of informing the future development and implementation of WWPs. Methods: Nine focus groups (N = 56) were held in western Canada with participants employed at four diverse organisations consisting of >100 employees. Each participating organisation provided two separate groups, consisting of one management group and one non-management group. Participants were asked to share their perceptions, attitudes and beliefs concerning WWPs. Thematic inductive analysis was conducted to elicit emergent areas of focus. Results: Three areas of focus were identified: (1) role of the company in WWPs, (2) elements of successful WWPs and (3) mandatory participation in WWPs. Providing a clear indication of the roles and responsibilities of both employee groups, making these initiatives part of the organisational strategic plan, demonstrating a long term commitment to such programmes, and having employees play participatory roles in the design, implementation and decision making process, are components that need consideration. Conclusion: Both employee groups agreed that their organisation played a role in employee health. Similarities and discrepancies of the beliefs between groups are highlighted and key considerations are presented. Findings have implications for the future development and implementation of WWPs.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A