ERIC Number: EJ1109711
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Embedded Figures Test Performance in the Broader Autism Phenotype: A Meta-Analysis
Cribb, Serena J.; Olaithe, Michelle; Di Lorenzo, Renata; Dunlop, Patrick D.; Maybery, Murray T.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n9 p2924-2939 Sep 2016
People with autism show superior performance to controls on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT). However, studies examining the relationship between autistic-like traits and EFT performance in neurotypical individuals have yielded inconsistent findings. To examine the inconsistency, a meta-analysis was conducted of studies that (a) compared high and low Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) groups, and (b) treated AQ as a continuous variable. Outcomes are consistent with superior visual search forming part of the broader autism phenotype, but in existing literature, this is evident only when comparing extreme groups. Reanalysis of data from previous studies suggests findings are unlikely to be driven by a small number of high scorers. Monte Carlo simulations are used to illustrate the effect of methodological differences on results.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Meta Analysis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Monte Carlo Methods, Simulation, Performance, Comparative Analysis, Visual Perception
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Embedded Figures Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A